Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis of Vein Disease

Many people think that leg pain is just something they have to live with, especially as they age. It’s not. Discomfort, pain and swelling are often associated with vein disease, so it’s important to see a vein care specialist if you have any concerns. Early intervention is key to restoring the health of your veins and alleviating your leg pain. Below you will learn more about the symptoms, causes and diagnosis of vein disease.

Symptoms of vein disease

When you know what to look for, you can get the medical treatment you need before your vein disease worsens. Symptoms of vein disease include:

  • Calf tightening
  • Heavy, aching legs
  • Itchy legs
  • Leg cramps
  • Leg ulcers
  • Skin discoloration
  • Swelling (edema) in the leg, particularly the lower leg or ankle
  • Varicose veins or spider veins
  • Weakness in the legs

Causes of vein disease

The most common causes of vein disease are aging and job-related activities. Additional causes may include:

  • Family history of vein disease
  • Lack of movement
  • Leg injury or trauma
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Tobacco use

Diagnosing vein disease

Besides exploring your medical history, your doctor will perform a physical examination to find out of you have vein disease. Here is a list of tests doctors use to diagnose vein disease:

  • Angiogram
    This test is used to look at blood vessels in the head, arms, legs, back or abdomen. A special dye is used and pictures are taken of the blood flow in an artery or vein.
  • Artery exams
    A high-frequency ultrasound that uses sound waves to measure the amount of blood flowing through each of your arteries, usually the ones responsible for supplying the body with oxygen-rich blood.
  • Echocardiogram
    Ultrasound waves are used to produce an image of the heart that can be used to diagnose and monitor cardiovascular disease. People with cardiovascular disease are prone to varicose veins.
  • Reflux exams
    High-frequency sound waves are used to evaluate the veins in your arms and legs for reflux. Reflux occurs when there is a damaged vein valve inside a blood vessel, causing blood to flow backward through the vein and pool. Reflux is often associated with varicose veins, pain and swelling.
  • Thoracic exams
    Thoracic outlet syndrome is diagnosed through an angiogram X-ray test that identifies compressed blood vessels between the base of the neck and armpit.

Reduce your risk of vein disease with help from the team of vein specialists at Vein Associates of Texas. We can help restore your legs and improve your vein health. Call us at 888-653-2728 to get started with a vein screening.